Area : 6269 sq. km.
Altitude : 776 m above sea level
Summer : Max 34ºC, Min 21ºC.
Winter : Max 27ºC, Min 16ºC.
Rainfall : 667.2 mm
Languages : Kannada,English, Tamil.
Mysore city was the capital of the former royal Mysore province. The word Mysore expands to 'Mahishasurana Ooru', which means the town of Mahishasura. According to Hindu mythology Mahishasura was a demon king who was killed by the warrior goddess Chamundeshwari on Chamundi hill near Mysore. Ever since, the people of Mysore have worshipped Chamundeshwari as their tutelary deity.
The Wodeyar royal family ruled Mysore since the 14th century except for a short period of 40 years in the 18th century when Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan were the rulers. Hyder Ali was a general in the army of the Wodeyar king who rose to become the ruler of Mysore. His son Tipu Sultan followed in his footsteps expanding Mysore's territories in a series of daring battles, until he was killed when fighting the British.
Following his death in 1799 the kingdom again returned to the Wodeyar family who ruled Mysore till monarchy was abolished in 1947, when India gained independence.
Mysore Palace :
The Maharaja's Palace is one of the important sights in Mysore. Built in Indo-Saracenic style with domes, turrets, arches and colonnades,the Palace is a treasure house of exquisite carvings and works of art from all over the world. Intricately carved doors open on to luxuriously furnished rooms. The majestic Durbar Hall has an ornate ceiling and many sculpted pillars. The magnificent jewel studded golden throne of the Wodeyars is displayed here during the Dasera festival. Illuminated on Sundays and public holidays ,the palace presents a spectacle of breathtaking beauty.
Chamundi Hills :
A well known 335 metres high landmark,Chamundi Hill can be reached by a 13 km road or by climbing up the 1,000 steps laid out by the Mysore Maharaja in the 17th century.Half-way up along the stone steps is Nandi, Lord Shiva's Bull, a majestic 4.8 metre monolith.At the top is the 12th century temple of Chamundeshwari, the patron goddess of the Wodeyars.Close to the temple is the gigantic statue of the demon Mahishasura. The summit offers a panoramic view of Mysore's lakes, parks and palaces.
Brindavan Gardens :
Located at the KR Sagar Dam [Kannambadi], Brindavan Gardens is one of the best gardens in South India. Spread over 150 acres, Brindavan Gardens has since the 1960s provided the backdrop for many Indian films. Special attractions include the 'Dancing Fountains'. In Dec 2004 the entire garden was revamped with new fountains and lights.
St. Philomena's Church :
A beautiful Cathedral, reminiscent of medieval architectural style,is one of the largest churches in the country. Built in the gothic style,the Church is an imposing structure with stained glass windows and lofty towers.
India is not the first location you might consider for a cooler summer holiday, but, because of its altitude, Mysore enjoys wonderful weather all year round.
The highest temperatures are from May to June (23-35°C), and even at it coolest, the temperature rarely drops below 16°C.
The rainy season is from June to August, but even then it seldom rains all day.