Area : : 1,483 sq.km
Population : 1,27,82,976
Season : October - March
STD Code : 011
Delhi is the capital of India , and it's also the travel hub of northern India. It's an excellent base for visiting Agra and the Taj Mahal, and the Rajasthani colour of Jaipur is less than five hours away. If you're heading north to the Himalaya or east to the ghats of Varanasi, you'll probably pass through Delhi. So you might as well grit your teeth, hold your breath and dive on in.
Delhi stands at the western end of the Gangetic Plain, bordered on the eastern side by the state of Uttar Pradesh, and on the other three sides by the state of Haryana. Travelers to Delhi get two cities for the price of one. 'Old' Delhi, the capital of Muslim India between the mid-17th and late 19th centuries, is full of formidable mosques, monuments and forts. It's a lively area of colorful bazaars, narrow streets and barely controlled chaos. In contrast, New Delhi, the imperial city created by the British Raj, is composed of spacious, tree-lined avenues and imposing government buildings, and has a sense of order absent in other parts of the city.
The city is expansive but easy to navigate. The hub of New Delhi is Connaught Place, where you'll find most of the airline offices, travel agents and banks. 'Old' Delhi is a couple of kilometers north, and its main thoroughfare is Chandni Chowk. The two main centres for accommodation are Paharganj, near New Delhi Railway Station (budget), and Janpath, on the southern side of Connaught Place (budget and mid-range). There are a number of cinemas and performing arts centers around Connaught Place, but Delhi's strict licensing laws effectively curtail nightlife.
The main bus station, the Interstate Bus Terminal, is at Kashmiri Gate, north of the (Old) Delhi Railway Station.
Chandni Chowk The ancient market place from the times of Mughals, still hosts the descendants of royal chefs as also the famous Chudiwali gali and the Paranthewali gali.
Humayun's Tomb The Tomb was built by Humayun's widowed Queen Haji Begum, in the 16th century AD and is one of the best examples of Mughal architecture.
India Gate The majestic 42 meters high arch was built as a memorial to the Indian soldiers killed in the World War I. From the base of the arch one can get a good view of the Rashtrapati Bhavan.
Jama Masjid Built in 1656, the Jama Masjid is the largest mosque in India, and stands across the road from the Red Fort. It is an eloquent reminder of the Mughal religious fervor.
Jantar Mantar Built in 1724 by Maharaja Jai Singh, the Jantar Mantar is an astronomical observatory with masonry instruments. It has huge sun-dial and five instruments that are intended to calculate the movements of the sun, moon, stars etc.
Parliament House This circular shaped colonnaded building has a domed Central Hall which is 90 feet in diameter. It is the hub of all political activity.
Purana Quila Purana Quila, the Old Fort was built by the great Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri in the 16th century A.D. on the banks of the river Yamuna. Today, it offer boating facilities and the famous Light & Sound Show depicting 5000 years of Delhi's past.
Qutub Minar The Qutub Minar made of red sandstone rising to the height of 72.5mts is an architectural marvel of the 13th century.
Red Fort Delhi's most magnificent monument, the Red Fort, was built by Emperor Shah Jehan, in 1638 A.D. Enclosed in this glorious Fort is Diwan-i-am, the hall meant for public audiences; Diwan-i-Khas, where private audiences were granted; Rang Mahal, the water cooled apartment of the royal ladies; the Pearl Mosque, a lovely, ornate dream in white marble.
Raj Ghat On the banks of the river Yamuna is the Raj Ghat where the father of the nation Mahatma Gandhi was cremated in 1948, soon after India attained it freedom.
Safdarjang's Tomb This marble domed mausoleum was the last famous Mughal monument built in Delhi in 1753-54, by the son of the second Nawab of Oudh. It is a son's tribute to his father, the Wazir of Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah.
The Bahai's House of Worship This distinctive lotus shaped marvel in marble is surrounded by a landscaped garden and is a symbol of peace.