Location : 180 km from Jodhpur , 509 km from Jaipur
Population : 15500 Area: 25 sq. km.
Altitude : 1220 meters.
Summer : Max. 33.3 degree centigrade Min 23.3 degree centigrade.
Winter : Max. 23.3 degree centigrade Min. 11.6 degree centigrade.
Rainfall : 153 to 177 cms.
Languages : Gujarati, Hindi, and English .
A gateway to chilling Rajasthan
It is always easy to shield things by holding them high; be it a fascinating candy or a cozy weather. However, the latter can be easily felt at Mount Abu in Rajasthan. Cushioned with lush forested hills of Aravallis, Mt. Abu is the only hill station in the rustic canvas of Rajasthan, a popular hot season retreat from the plains of both Rajasthan and Gujrat. The road leading to Mount Abu is a curved one, creeping like a sleeping baby, with the ascent holding the way tightly to her bosom, trimming it with huge rocks in weird shapes and shawling it from implacable high velocity winds. Look at those starry-eyed honeymooners, curtailing every inches of chasm into centimetres. Perhaps it has something to do with the flirtatious lake at the heart of town, or the many aphrodisiac curves along the Aravalli ridge from which you can hold hands and watch how the red flirts with indigo before melding in the horizon at sunset.
Places to See
Dilwara Temple :
These remarkable Jain temples are Mount Abu's main attraction and among the finest examples includes two temples in which the art of carving marble reached unsurpassed heights. The older of the temples is the ' Vimal Vasahi ', built in 1031 and dedicated to the first tirthankar, Adinath. In the front of the temple stands the ' House of Elephants ', with figures of elephants marching in procession to the temple entrance. The later ' Tejpal temple ' is dedicated to Neminath, the 22nd tirthankar, and was built in 1230 by the brothers Tejpal and Vastupal. The carving is so fine that, in places, the marble becomes almost transparent.
Kesar Bhawan Palace :
Kesar Bhawan Palace is one of the oldest places in Mount Abu, built in 1868. The Kesar Bhawan was used as a guest house for visiting dignitories. For 100 years now several Maharajas and royal guests from the west have been entertained in Kesar Bhawan. Built to suit the climatic conditions of Mount Abu which has an average rainfall of 150 inches annually, the palace has closed corridor running around the building providing it protection from rain. Each bedroom has its own private balcony which provide a panoramic view of the surrrounding hills and valleys.
Sunrise Palace :
Situated on one of the highest points in Mount Abu is the summer palace of the Maharaja of Bharatpur. Now it is called the Sunrise Palace, provides a breathtaking panoramic view of lush green Aravallis surrounding it. The 80 years old palace has a fairy tale charm to it and is build like a typical british-style mansion. It has large spacious rooms, which have been done tastefully and provides all possible comforts to the guests. It is popular with honeymooners as well as those looking for a peaceful holiday.
Vimala Vashi Temple :
It is the oldest temple, built in 1030 by Vimala Shah, a minister of Solanki ruler of Gujarat. The temple is said to have involved a work force of 2700 men, and taken total fourteen years to complete. Made of white marble, it is an outstanding example of Jain temple architecture.
Jain Community :
The fine specimen of workmanship , as seen in its carvings and pillars, this temple is dedicated to Neminath - the twenty second Jain thirthankara. A lot of inspiration and encouragement went into the construction of this temple. Built in the ' Solanki ' style of architecture, this temple has a breaktaking marble pendant hanging like a shandelier from the central dome of the porch.
Luna Vashi Temple :
Built in 1232 by two wealthy brothers. Its carved ornamentation is even richer, denser and more delicate. In some places, the marble carving is so fine. The doorways of the temples are framed by ornate pediments and plasters; the columns are magnificiently carved.
Nakki Lake :
Nakki Lake is virtually in the heart of Mount Abu and is a big attraction with tourists. The lake takes its name from the legend that it was scooped out by a god, using only his nails, or nakh. It's a pleasant stroll around the lake - look for the strange rock formations. On the lake there is a dilapidated concrete boat-shaped snack bar.
Gomukh Temple :
Down on the Abu road side of Mount Abu, a small stream flows from the mouth of a marble cow, giving the shrine its name. There is also a marble figure of Nandi, Shiva's vehicle. The tank here, ' Agni Kund ', is said to be the site of the sacrificial fire made by the sage Vasishta, from which four of the great Rajput clans were born, An image of Vasishta is flanked by figures of Rama and Krishna.Gomukh Temple contains images of Lord Rama and Lord Krishna.
Connaught House :
Connaught House in Mount Abu was the official summer residence of Sir Donald Field, Chief Minister of the Jodhpur and now it is available to tourists and holiday makers. Connaught House is in a very good condition. New rooms have been added to the old cottages. The location of the cottage gives it a complete privacy and allow the tourist to enjoy a quiet and peaceful holiday. The main market place and the famous Nakki Lake are with walking distance.
Achalgarh Fort :
This fort was built by the warrior King Rana Kumbha, who conquered Mount Abu from its Chauhan rulers. It lies 5 miles from Mount Abu. Nearby there are several ancient temples. Of these, the most interesting is the 15th century temple of Lord Shiva.
Guru Shikar :
The peak of Guru Shikhar, the highest point in Rajasthan, lies about 2 miles beyond Achalgarh. It commands a bird eye view of Abu and the surrounding areas. Temples located in this area are the ' Mira temple ' and ' Chaumundi temple '.
Adhar Devi Temple :
Three kilometres north of town, some 365 steps lead to this ' Durga temple ' built in a natural cleft in the rock. You have to stoop to get through the low entrance to the temple. There are fine views over Mount Abu from up here. This temple is one of the favourite tourist spots of Mount Abu. It is believed that the image of the goddess was originally hanging in mid-air, hence the name is ' Adhar Devi '.
How to Reach
By Air : The nearest airport is at Udaipur , 185 km away.
By Rail : The nearest railhead to Mount Abu is at Abu Road , which is 29 km away. Abu Road is connected with both Ahmedabad and Jodhpur by train.
By Road : Mount Abu is well connected by surface network with Jodhpur , which 264 km away and is connected to all the major cities in Rajasthan.
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