Climate of Andhra Pradesh
The average maximum temperature in most parts of Andhra Pradesh varies from 23 o to 28 o C . Minimum temperature varies from 10 o – 12 o C .
Summers are hot and humid on the coastal plains and some places it touches above 42 o C mark. The state of Andhra Pradesh experiences a very hot summer but when the monsoon sets in then the heat is reduced but it also increases the humidity.
Andhra Pradesh climate is marked by the onset of monsoons in second week of June which continues till September. This rainfall is caused by south wets monsoon winds . Heavy rain are experienced in northern part of the state.
The state's coast receives heavy rain from northeast monsoon winds or the retreating monsoon winds also in October-November . Heavy rainfall is caused in Rayalaseema district. Sometimes it is associated with cyclones as well.
Climate in Andhra Pradesh is characterized by mild winter, temperature doesn't fall generally below 16 o C.
A summer that lasts from March to June, a July-to-September season of tropical rains, and a winter from October to February constitute the three seasons. Throughout much of the state, maximum and minimum temperatures range from 74° to 82° F (23° to 28° C) and from 50° to 53° F (10° to 12° C), respectively. Summers are very warm on the coastal plain, with temperatures reaching as high as 108° F (42° C) in some places.
Andhra Pradesh receives rainfall from the south-west monsoon as well as the north-east monsoon. The first begins in the second week of June and lasts till September while the second occurs in October-November. The state's coastal areas receive heavy rains during the north east monsoon and are also subject to cyclonic conditions which cause enormous damage to residential accommodation and to standing crops.
The rainfall decreases from north to south. The Nizamabad district in Telangana receives about 87.5 cm of rain while Anantpur in Rayalaseema receives only 31 cm. The state has a really hot summer but after the rain begin in the middle of June, there is a decline in the heat when humidity takes over.
There is a mild winter in December but the temperature does not go down below 16o Celsius. While the south-west monsoon is comparatively heavy in the northern parts of the state, the north-east monsoon brings more rain to the southern areas like Rayalaseema. The hot season causes the mercury to rise to troublesome proportions in the months of April and May when it could shoot upto 40 degrees and more.