Fair & Festivals of Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh is a calendar of one long procession of festivals. Festivities here are characterized by color, gaiety, enthusiasm, feasts and a variety of prayers and rituals. Travelers and tourists are struck by the scale and multiplicity of the festivities that populate the cultural scene of this land. The state is famous for celebrating festival of every region and religion with equal pomp and gaiety. Be it the age old traditional Hindu festivals or the Muslim festivity of brotherhood or Christmas. The diversity of the state is manifested in its people, languages, religions and cultures.
Makar Sakranti is one festival that is celebrated almost all over India, It is a harvest festival that is celebrated in an extravagant way in Southern India states like Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and specially Andhra Pradesh where the festival last over three days. On all the three days,people dress themselves up in new clothes and indulge in different activities. On the first day called Bhogi Panduga, people burn old things to symbolize the new start. Second day called Pedda Panduga is the main day when people offer their prayers to god.
Famous Pongal, the harvest festival, is celebrated from the 13th to the 15th of January every year. It literally means "boiling over" and is a celebration of the flourishing crops in the fields. This festival basically belongs to farming community, but today it is celebrated throughout the South India. Mainly in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.
Ugadi is the Telugu New Year day. It is specially associated with Pacchadi (chutney) in telugu. The chutney is prepared with tender flowers of neem, jaggery or sugar & new tamarind. The whole family has to eat the chutney. The chutney is offered to the deity first and then eaten by the members of the family.
Andhra Pradesh was once a major Buddhist state with important pilgrim destinations. Lumbini festival is a festival to celebrate that aspect of glorious past of Andhra Pradesh. It is three day festival that is held in December, starting on 2nd Friday till Sunday. It is organized by Department of Tourism of Andhra Pradesh government in Nagarjunasagar and Hyderabad. Lumbini is the name of the place where Lord Buddha took birth.
This is a religious vow observed in the name of Varalakshmi (Lakshmi, consort of Lord Vishnu). It is celebrated on Friday before the full moon in the month of Sravana.
One day Parvathi, wife of Lord Siva made a boy with turmeric & breathed life into it. She then asked the boy to guard the door till she took her bath. The boy was instructed not to allow any one to enter. When Siva came and tried to open the door, the boy objected to it. In a fit of anger Siva severed the boy’s head with his Trishul. When Parvathi came to know what had happened to the boy she began to weep.
Also known as Hyderabad Festival, Deccan Festival is among the best known festivals in Andhra Pradesh showcasing the art and culture of the Deccan region. It is a 5 day festival which is held every year in the February or March. Deccan Festival is an event which comprises of many different fairs. The major attraction is the Pearl and Bangle Fair. The fair is a display of different types of lustrous pearls and bangles studded with different pearls.
Rayalaseema Food and Dance Festival (October)
The Rayalaseema Food and Dance Festival is held in the month of October. This festival displays the arts and cuisine of Rasyalaseema area of Tirupati in Chitoor district.