Dances of Haryana
Phag dance: This is a seasonal dance of the farmers usually performed in the month of 'Phalgun'. This is a mixed dance but sometimes performed by men only. Women wear colorful traditional clothes and men display gay colorful turbans. The dance is accompanied by the beats of 'Tasha', 'Nagada', and 'Dhol'.
Loor: A well known dance of Haryana. It is performed around the Holi festival and is very popular in the Bangar. Girls usually participate in this dance wearing their traditional dress of 'Ghagra', 'Kurti', 'Chundri' and 'Chunda'.
Dhamal dance: This is an ancient dance popular among the Ahirs of Gurgaon and Mahendergarh. The dance is performed outdoors by men on moonlit nights of Phalgun. They sing and dance to the sound of the Dhamal beats. At the start of the dance a long tune of 'Been' is played. It is said that the people perform this dance whenever their crop is ready for harvesting.
Gugga dance: Gugga is worshiped all over Haryana. Gugga Pir is worshipped by both Hindus and Muslims. The dance is done in a procession held about a week before the Gugga naumi. The devotees sing and dance in praise of Gugga. The dance is accompanied by musical instruments like 'Deru', 'Thali' and 'Chimta'.
Jhumar dance: This dance is performed exclusively by women. It takes its name from Jhumar, an ornament commonly worn on the forehead by young married women. The dance is performed to the beats of dholak and thali.
Ghumar dance: It is a Rajasthani dance also popular in the area of Loharu, Dadri, Sirsa and Hissar. This is a religious dance and is performed by women devotees on their way to the temple. Women start dancing in a circle, then move to dancing in two rows and end up dancing in twos in a circle.
Khoria: This dance is popular in the central areas of Haryana. This dance is performed by women at the house of the bridegroom in the night on which the marriage party has gone to the bride's house. By this dance the women ask for the safe and sound return of the marriage party along with the newly wed couple. By staying awake whole night for this dance, they also protect their house since the men folk are all away to the bride's house. Due to the bawdy nature of this dance children are generally kept away.
Gangore puja: Brass plates in their hands, girls make a circle and sing and dance.
Holi dance: This dance is connected with the Holi festival of spring. It is performed with the accompaniment of drums and pipes. Both men and women participate. This dance is popular in the area of Faridabad, Palwal and Ballabgarh.
Chhathi dance: On the birth of a male child, this dance is performed on the sixth day of the birth by women. It is a romantic dance and performed at night. At the end of the celebration boiled wheat and chana are distributed.
Teej dance: This dance is performed by women on the Teej festival. Women and girls enjoy themselves on outdoor swings and sing.
Saang: This is performed by a group of ten or twelve persons. They sing religious stories and folk tales in open spaces. It can be called a 'open air theater'. The performance can continue for 5 hours. Some of the men dress as women to act and dance. 'Sang' or 'Swang' means a disguise or 'to impersonate'. This form of dance or drama was first started in its present form in about 1750 AD by Kishan Lal Bhaat.
Chaupaiya: This dance is performed by men wearing 'Dhoti', 'Kurtas' and colorful turbans. They dance to the beats of 'Manjiras', 'Chimta' and 'Nagadas'. Mostly performed while harvesting crops, this dance is based on songs having four lines or tetrameter hence called 'Chaupaiya'.